Travel Guide

Buffalo, New York 



Before the arrivals of the Europeans, the area in and around Buffalo was habited by the Iroquois Indians. Buffalo was first settled mainly by New Englanders but the first wave of European settlers was the large influx of Germans immigrants. The city was further populated by Irish immigrants escaping famines in Ireland during the 19th century. Later, Polish along with Italian and Jewish immigrants settled in the city. More recent arrivals include immigrants from Latin America, Somalia, Sudan, and various regions of Asia. Today, Buffalo is a melting pot representing various ethnic cultures.

Buffalo, New York State

City of Buffalo by Doug Kerr

Buffalo is home to a large Jewish community that emigrated from various regions of Europe. During the mid-19th century, German Jewish immigrants settled in Buffalo's Westside. During the early 20th century, Russian and Polish Jews immigrated to the Niagara Frontier and many settled in Buffalo’s Lower East Side, near William Street and Jefferson Avenue. Though many still live in city (particularly in North Buffalo and the Delaware District), the Jewish community today is concentrated in the northeastern suburbs.

Temple Beth Zion, Buffalo (New York State)

Temple Beth Zion by Fortunate4now

Buffalo’s Kaisertown reflects a German identity while the Old First Ward has a strong Irish heritage. The Slavic especially Polish community centers at Broadway Market in the East Side and the market serves as a microcosm of the community’s traditions. The East Side is also home for many African Americans, whose ancestors migrated here from the South between 1910 and 1930. There is also a small Italian American enclave in the East Side neighborhood of Lovejoy. The West Side is home to the Hispanic community, predominantly of Puerto Rican descent.

Dyngus Day Festival in Buffalo, New York State

The Polish Dyngus Day Festival by Andre Carrotflower

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