Niagara Falls, New York
Also known as the Canadian Falls, The Horseshoe Falls is the largest of the three falls that comprise the Niagara Falls. Two-thirds of the Horseshoe Falls is in Canada and the other third in the United States. This majestic waterfall is situated between Terrapin Point on Goat Island (in the United States) and Table Rock (in Canada). About 90% of the water flowing through the Niagara Falls, passes through the Horseshoe Falls while the rest flows pass the American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls.
Horseshoe Falls by Ad Meskens
The Horseshoe Falls gets its name from its horseshoe-shaped crest, measuring 2,201 feet (671 meters) in width. The Horseshoe Falls is 174 feet (53 meters) high and the center is about 10 feet (3 meters) deep. The depth of the river at the base of the Falls is an estimated 184 feet (56 meters), higher than the Horseshoe Falls itself. A tremendous amount of water flows over the crest at a speed of about 20 mph (32 kph) and pouring approximately 80,000 cubic feet (2.300 cubic meters) per second into the Niagara River.
Close-up of the Horseshoe Falls by Dirk Ingo Franke
Large amounts of mist are produced from the tremendous force of the falling waters, sometimes rendering viewing difficult. The closest and best view of the Horseshoe Falls is from Terrapin Point on Goat Island. The view from here is at a steep angle while the view from Canada is direct - many consider the view from Canada more dramatic and spectacular. Another option is to take a boat tour on the Maid of the Mist, which offers an exhilarating view from the base of the Falls.
Maid of the Midst at the Horseshoe Falls by Ad Meskens